Terminology & Anatomy 1 of 4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
H
E
R
N
I
2
A
 
3
L
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
C
 
 
 
 
 
 
B
 
A
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
E
 
 
 
 
U
 
 
 
 
 
 
S
 
V
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
X
 
 
 
 
S
 
 
 
6
L
 
 
O
 
A
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
T
 
7
F
 
 
P
 
8
D
I
A
P
H
R
A
G
M
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
E
 
I
 
 
I
 
 
 
R
 
 
B
 
E
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
R
 
S
 
 
D
 
 
 
G
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
I
N
T
U
S
S
U
S
C
E
P
T
I
O
N
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
O
 
U
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
M
 
 
 
11
O
R
A
L
 
 
 
 
 
 
I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
O
 
 
 
 
I
 
A
 
 
 
 
 
12
E
N
D
O
S
C
O
P
Y
 
 
U
 
 
 
 
Z
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
T
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
T
 
 
 
 
A
 
 
 
 
13
C
H
O
L
E
C
Y
S
T
O
14
G
R
A
P
H
Y
 
 
 
T
 
 
 
 
O
 
 
 
S
 
 
 
 
 
A
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I
 
 
 
 
L
 
 
 
T
 
 
 
15
D
Y
S
P
H
A
G
I
A
 
 
O
 
 
 
 
O
 
 
 
I
 
 
 
 
 
T
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
N
 
 
 
 
N
 
 
 
N
 
16
I
N
C
A
R
C
E
R
A
T
E
D
 
 
 
 
 
 
O
 
 
 
E
 
 
 
 
 
O
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17
P
A
N
C
R
E
A
S
 
 
 
 
 
 
C
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18
C
O
N
G
E
N
I
T
A
L
 
A
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
P
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19
C
H
Y
M
E
 
 
 
 
20
E
X
S
T
R
O
P
H
Y
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Y
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Across
    1. A bulge or protrusion of an organ through an opening in the muscle wall or cavity that usually holds it in place.
    8. This muscular wall separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities where most of the digestive organs are located.
    9. When one part of the intestine slips into another part.
    11. Name of cavity that consists of mouth, soft and hard palates, teeth, gums, tongue, and salivary glands.
    12. Non-surgical procedure used to examine body organs or cavities through an existing opening or a small incision.
    13. Radiographic procedure used to view the gallbladder.
    15. Difficulty swallowing.
    16. Type of hernia that becomes trapped, contents inside become swollen, and blood vessels become blocked, causing the contents in the hernia to die.
    17. Oblong gland that sits behind the lower part of the stomach and makes insulin and enzymes for digestion.
    18. Present from birth.
    19. Stomach digests food coming from the esophagus and passes ______, known as partially digested food, into the duodenum.
    20. The turning inside out of an organ.
Down
    2. Main function of digestive system is to digest food into small molecules and then _____ them into the body.
    3. The washing out of an organ or cavity.
    4. Pointy teeth located between the incisors and premolars and sometimes referred to as canines.
    5. To expose an organ temporarily outside the body for observation or surgery, or permanently for experimental purposes.
    6. About 5 feet long, the last part of the gastrointestinal tract, and made up of the cecum, colon, rectum, and anal canal.
    7. Abnormal passage between two internal organs or from one internal organ to the outside of the body.
    10. Beginning of digestive tract.
    13. Visual examination of the entire colon through an endoscope that may include part of the terminal ileum.
    14. Surgical procedure on stomach to decrease its size or repair a defect.